Within the Rear Admiral Paul H. Wiedorn Collection are numerous popular periodicals of the nineteenth century, including Graham’s Magazine, Godey’s Lady’s Book, and the Columbian Magazine; and it is in these publications that many of Edgar Allan Poe’s tales of mystery and the macabre first appeared in print. Poe would write, "the whole tendency of the age is Magazine-ward." Among the jobs he held during his brief and checkered career were editor of the Southern Literary Messenger, book review editor of Graham’s, and editor of the Broadway Journal.
One of the most influential writers of the nineteenth century, Poe produced poems, short stories, essays, book reviews, and one novel. In the year of the Naval Academy’s founding, he became world-famous with the publication of his poem “The Raven.” He transformed the genre of the Gothic tale with his mastery of psychological insight, was an early pioneer of science fiction, and is credited with inventing the modern detective story, influencing, among others, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, creator of Sherlock Holmes.
In 1839, Philadelphia publishers Lea & Blanchard issued a two-volume collection of Poe's stories entitled Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque. In 1845, Wiley & Putnam of New York published a collection of twelve tales as a volume in their “Library of American Books” series. The “Editors’ Book Table” section of the December 1845 issue of Godey’s Lady’s Book, commenting on Poe’s Tales, stated, “It takes genius to astonish. This Poe possesses, and he has exhibited some of its most decisive proofs in the volume before us.”
Poe, Edgar Allan. The Annotated Poe. Edited by Kevin J. Hayes. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2015. PS 2603.H39 2015
Sova, Dawn B. Edgar Allan Poe A to Z: The Essential Reference to His Life and Work. New York: Checkmark Books, 2001. PS 2630.S68 2001