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Citing Your Sources

A general guide to citations and styles commonly used at USNA.

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

The AIAA has developed it's own citation style that's used in some Aerospace Engineering courses at USNA. These links will take you to the style guide and another guide on using the style.

American Psychological Association

APA style is commonly used in social science fields such as psychology, economics, education, and political science. Here is a link to the style guide and an online resource for using it. You can also refer to The Longman Hanbook for Writers and Readers which you received as plebes and is available in the Ready Reference section of the Nimitz Library.

Chicago or Turabian

The style developed by the University of Chicago and published in the Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS) is used for scholarly publishing in many disciplines, but especially for history and philosophy. Turabian refers to a simplified guide to Chicago style written by Kate L. Turabian for students. Citations are virtually the same, but use CMOS to be safe unless your professor specifically instructs you to use Turabian.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IEEE is the style used by most engineering disciplines (although not aerospace, which has it's own style, AIAA). Below is a link to the style guide and other guides for using the style.

Modern Language Association

MLA is the preferred style for most humanities disciplines with a couple exceptions (see Chicago style above). The style guide is not online like the others, but MLA does provide an online citation guide. The official source for style information is the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, and you can also refer to The Longman Hanbook for Writers and Readers which you received as plebes. Both handbooks are available in the Ready Reference section of the Nimitz Library.

Oceanography and other styles

While not employed as often as the other styles in this guide, the styles below may be needed in some situations at USNA. The links will take you the style guide where you can find examples of how to cite different resources.