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Citing Your Sources

A general guide to citations and styles commonly used at USNA.

IEEE Style

Most engineering classes utilize the style manual created by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). As always it's best to check with your professor before choosing any style.

As with most styles, there are two components for citations in IEEE Style. The first component is a notation in the text that refers to a source listed on a bibliography, works cited, or references page at the end of your paper. In IEEE Style, this notation is formatted as a number in square brackets (e.g. [1]) . The second component is is the actual citation for the source that appears at the end of you paper. Formats for common sources are below.



F. M. Author, "Chapter title in sentence case," in Title in Title Case, Eth ed. City, SS, Country: Abbreviated Publisher, YYYY, ch. C, sec. S, pp. XX-XX.

Journal article

F. M. Author, "Title of article in sentence case,"'; Periodical Title in Title Case, vol. V, no. N, pp. XX, Month, YYYY.


F. M. Author. (YYYY, Month DD). Web article title in sentance case. [Online]. Available: Accessed on: Month, DD, YYYY. Key

Text in black should appear as is.

Text in red needs to be replaced with information specific to the publication you're citing.

F = First initial. M = Middle initial. Sentence Case = First letter capitalized and everything else lowercase except proper nouns. Title Case = First letter of the title and the first letter of each principal word is capitalized. E = edition number. City = City where published. SS = State abbreviation. YYYY= Publication Year. C = Chapter number. S = Section number. X = page number(s). V= Volume number. N = Issue number

IEEE Style resources

Need more help with citations in IEEE Style? Go right to the source at the IEEE Style Manual or the more robust guides provided by the Naval Postgraduate School or Murdoch University.