Fake news refers to fabricated stories that are intended to appear as serious news stories. Fake news may be published on websites with domains that sound like authentic news outlets, use altered photographs from other events, made-up quotes and attention-getting headlines. The term "fake news" is now widely applied to varying types of satire, misleading information, propaganda or just a news story critical of a particular party or person.
Fake news is not new but it has increased dramatically, due in part to the low cost of website domains, the incentive for profit or political gain, and the spread of information via social media.
Journalism Ethics and Standards
The proliferation of fake news and difficulty in separating fact from falsehood underlines the importance of professional journalists and journalism ethics and standards.
Zimdars, M. False, Misleading, Clickbait-y, and Satirical “News” Sources (includes a list of fake news websites)
Cornell University Library, Evaluating News Sources: Fake News.
Harvard Library Research Guides, Fake News, Misinformation, Propaganda.